XenCenter

Live patches

Note:

XenCenter 2023.x.x is currently in preview and is not supported for production use. Note that any future references to production support apply only when XenCenter 2023.x.x and XenServer 8 go from preview status to general availability.

You can use XenCenter 2023.x.x to manage your XenServer 8 and Citrix Hypervisor 8.2 CU1 non-production environments. However, to manage your Citrix Hypervisor 8.2 CU1 production environment, use XenCenter 8.2.7. For more information, see the XenCenter 8.2.7 documentation.

You can install XenCenter 8.2.7 and XenCenter 2023.x.x on the same system. Installing XenCenter 2023.x.x does not overwrite your XenCenter 8.2.7 installation.

XenServer customers who deploy XenServer hosts might often need to reboot their servers after applying updates. This rebooting results in unwanted downtime for the servers while customers have to wait until the system is restarted. Reboots reduce the uptime of the servers and impact business. Live patching enables customers to install some Linux kernel and Xen hypervisor updates without having to reboot the servers. This feature reduces maintenance costs and downtime. Such updates consist of the following components:

  • A live patch that is applied to the memory of the server
  • An update that updates the files on disk

Live patching is enabled by default. For more information about enabling and disabling live patching, see Change Pool Properties.

When applying an update using the Install Updates wizard, the Prechecks page displays information about the post-update tasks. Complete these tasks for the update to take effect. In addition, the wizard checks whether you must reboot the servers after applying the update and displays the result. This feature enables customers to know the post-update tasks well in advance and schedule the application of updates accordingly.

Live patching scenarios

Updates can be live patched across pools, servers, or on a standalone server. Some updates might need you to reboot the server, some need the XAPI toolstack to be restarted, and a few updates do not have any post-update tasks.

The following scenarios describe the behavior when a live patch is and is not available for an update:

  • Updates with live patch Updates that update the Linux kernel and the Xen hypervisor usually do not need a reboot after applying the update. However, in some rare cases, when the live patch cannot be applied, a reboot might be required.
  • Updates without live patch No change in the behavior here. It works as usual.

Note:

If a server doesn’t require a reboot or if the update contains live patches that can apply to the servers, XenCenter displays No action required on the Update Mode page.

Live patches